AQA A A2 Psychology A Level Psya4 Addiction Past Questions
AQA Psychology Addiction PSYA4R June 2015 Past Questions
- Discuss the learning approach to explaining initiation of gambling (4+6 marks)
- Dan has been working long hours revising for his final degree exams at University. His friends persuade him that a short break would help him to relax while he is waiting for his results. They all go away to enjoy some of Dan’s favourite activities, caving and rock climbing. One evening they play the slot machines in town before going on to a club. Dan has not played slot machines before, but he finds it exciting. From then on Dan plays the slot machines, even when his friends are off doing other things.
Using your knowledge of risk factors in the development of addiction, explain Dan’s desire to play the slot machines. (10 marks)
- Outline the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) as a model of addiction prevention (4 marks)
AQA Psychology Addiction PSYA4 June 2015 Past Questions
Many smokers make repeated attempts to give up, but start smoking again. A health psychologist attended a ‘Stop smoking’ group at a medical centre and recorded the reasons given by smokers for previous relapses. The most common reason was unpleasant withdrawal symptoms such as physically craving a cigarette. Other reasons for relapse were socialising with smokers and thinking that smoking would relieve stress.
- Use your knowledge of models of addiction to explain two of the reasons for relapse in the above scenario. (10 marks)
- Discuss the influence of media in addictive behaviour (4+6 marks)
- Outline one biological intervention for treating addictive behaviour (4 marks)
AQA Psychology Addiction Psya4 June 2014 Past Questions
- Outline the biological approach to explaining relapse in addiction (4 marks)
- Discuss two risk factors which make people more vulnerable to addiction (4+6 marks)
Governments use a range of strategies to dissuade people from smoking. These include banning smoking in public and workplaces, use of graphic images on cigarette packets and education programmes in schools. These programmes provide information about the dangers of smoking and help young people to develop the ability to ‘just say no’.
- Use your knowledge of the prevention of addictive behaviour to explain why these three strategies should reduce smoking. You should refer to the theory of planned behaviour in your answer. (10 marks)
AQA Psychology Addiction Psya4 June 2013 Past Questions
- Sam has recently left school and started work. His new job is monotonous and he often feels bored. On the way home from work, he and his new workmates call at the betting shop and place a couple of bets. Sam has a few wins in the first week and finds the atmosphere very exciting. He starts to visit the betting shop after work most days, and is now spending over half of his wages on gambling. Using your knowledge of the psychology of addictive behaviour, explain some of the reasons for Sam’s addiction to gambling. (10 marks)
- Outline the theory of planned behaviour as a model for addiction prevention (4 marks)
- Discuss the effectiveness of public health interventions in reducing addictive behaviour.
(4 marks + 6 marks)
AQA Psychology Psya4 Addiction January 2013 Past Questions
- Outline how the learning approach would explain the maintenance of gambling.
- Fifteen-year-old Jenny has recently started smoking. She believes that smoking will stop
her putting on weight and help her to cope with stress. Most of her friends smoke and
she thinks that smoking helps her to fit in with the group of popular girls, whom she sees as fun-loving and cool. Using your knowledge of vulnerability to addiction, discuss some of the vulnerability factors that contribute to Jenny’s smoking. Refer to relevant research in your answer (10 marks)
- Outline one biological intervention for reducing addictive behaviour and evaluate the
effectiveness of this intervention. (4 marks + 6 marks)
AQA Psychology Psya4 A2 Addiction June 2012 Past Questions
- Outline and evaluate the cognitive approach to explaining problem gambling (4 marks + 6 marks)
- Describe one way in which media may influence addictive behaviour (4 marks)
- Kerry has recently married and she and her partner would like to have a baby. She
is keen to give up smoking. However, she has tried several times and finds that she
experiences unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Kerry’s job is stressful and most of
her co-workers also smoke. She has started to despair and thinks that she will never
succeed. Identify one or more interventions which could be used to help Kerry to stop smoking and explain, with reference to the scenario, why your chosen intervention(s) would be appropriate for Kerry (10 marks)
AQA Psychology Psya4 Addiction January 2012 Past Questions
- Outline and evaluate the biological approach to explaining smoking behaviour.
(4 marks + 4 marks)
- Andy is in his first year at university. He is a shy young man who lacks confidence in
himself and worries about meeting new people. Since starting university, Andy has
preferred to stay in his room, playing strategy games on the internet with his old school friends. Andy often plays all night which means that he sleeps in and misses his lectures. He is finding his course difficult and fears that he may fail his exams or drop out. Use your knowledge of risk factors in the development of addiction to explain Andy’s addiction to the internet. (6 marks)
- Outline and evaluate one psychological intervention aimed at reducing addictive
behaviour. (4 marks + 6 marks)