AQA AS/A Level Psychology Unit 2 – A* Model Essay Answers (New Spec)
What does this AS/A level Psychology Unit 2 Ebook provide?
This covers the AS and A level psychology exams for unit 2 also known as paper 2 or 7181/2 for the new psychology specification which is being taught from September 2015 across the UK for AQA exam board students. This ebook provides students with theory and evaluation in the form of A grade model essay answers for every single possible question that can be asked in Unit 2. Information is presented in a nice and easy to understand way splitting theory (AO1) and evaluation (AO3) nicely for students to pick out their bits they wish to use for their own essays.
How will this ebook help you with your psychology revision?
This ebook covers everything in immense detail providing you with all the theory (AO1) and evaluation (AO3) you need to write A* grade model essays. Information is nicely broken down for you to source the information from to write your essays as well as help you answer the smaller questions – no other resource comes close. Last year students used my AS ebooks to score some fantastic grades and this is no different – This AS unit 2 ebook covers the new specification exactly and presents to you ready made answers for all possible questions. The hardest part is actually forming and forming your answers from revision material and this does this for you with ready made answers for all the topics. Coherent, easy to understand essay answers all covered for unit 2 in a nice and easy to understand way.
What’s inside and what essays does this ebook cover?
This ebook covers all the possible essay questions with everything you need to know for approaches in psychology, biopsychology and psychopathology as follows:
Approaches In Psychology Including:
- Origins of psychology: Wundt, introspection and the emergence of psychology as a science
The basic assumptions of the following approaches:
- Learning approaches: The behaviourist approach, including classical conditioning and Pavlov’s research, operant conditioning, types of reinforcement and Skinner’s research; social learning theory including imitation, identification, modelling, vicarious reinforcement, the role of mediational processes and Bandura’s research.
- The cognitive approach: The study of internal mental processes, the role of schema, the use of theoretical and computer models to explain and make inferences about mental processes and the emergence of cognitive neuroscience.
- The biological approach: The influence of genes, biological structures and neurochemistry on behaviour. Genotype and phenotype, the genetic basis of behaviour, evolution and behaviour.
- The psychodynamic approach: the role of the unconscious, the structure of personality, that is ID, ego and superego, defence mechanisms including repression, denial and displacement, psychosexual stages.
- Humanistic psychology: free will, self-actualisation and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, focus on the self, congruence, the role of conditions of worth. The influence on counselling psychology.
- The divisions of the nervous system: central and peripheral (somatic and autonomic)
- The structure and function of sensory, relay and motor neurons. The process of synaptic transmission, including reference to neurotransmitters, excitation and inhibition.
- The function of the endocrine system: glands and hormones.
- The fight or flight response including the role of adrenaline.
- Localisation of function in the brain and hemispheric lateralisation: motor, somatosensory, visual, auditory and language centres; Broca’s and Wernicke’s areas, split-brain research. Plasticity and functional recovery of the brain after trauma.
- Ways of studying the brain: Scanning techniques including functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI); electroencephalogram (EEGs) and event-related potentials (ERPs); post-mortem examinations.
- Biological rhythms: circadian rhythms, infradian rhythms, and ultradian rhythms and the difference between these rhythms. The effect of endogenous pacemakers and exogenous zeitgebers on the sleep/wake cycle.
- Definitions of abnormality, including deviation from social norms, failure to function adequately, statistical infrequency and deviation from ideal mental health.
- The behavioural, emotional and cognitive characteristics of phobias, depression and OCD.
- The behavioural approach to explaining and treating phobias: the two-process model, including classical and operant conditioning: systematic desensitisation, including relaxation and use of hierarchy: flooding.
- The cognitive approach to explaining and treating depression: Beck’s negative triad and Ellis’s ABC model: cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), including challenging irrational thoughts.
- The biological approach to explaining and treating OCD: genetic and neural explanations: drug therapy.
This ebook is for your own personal use only and must not be shared, uploaded or any of its contents distributed in any form as it is subject to copyright.